Water intrusions are classified into three categories by the Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration (IICRC) based on its risk to human health.
Category 1 Water
Also known as "Clean Water" refers to flooding from a source of water that does not pose any threat to humans. This is typically a water supply line from a water heater, faucets supply lines, dish washer supply lines, washing machine supply line, toilet supply lines and other supply lines in the walls.
If flooding from a clean source of water like this is treated quickly we can often save most, if not all of your flooring, walls and contents.
Category 2 Water
Also known as "Grey Water" refers to flooding from a source of water that contains a significant degree of biological, chemical, or physical contaminants and can causes sickness and extensive damage to your property. Category 2 flooding will usually come from toilet bowls with urine, water discharge from dishwashers or washing machines, sump pump failures and other water that should go though the sanitation system.
Any areas that have been contaminated by the water will need to be removed to prevent possible mould growth and mitigate and further damage to your property.
Category 3 Water
Also known as "Black Water" refers to flooding from an extremely unsanitary source which contains harmful bacteria and fungi which will cause severe discomfort or sickness. Category 3 flood damage will usually come from sewage back up in your toilet or sink. Other sources include seawater, rising water from rivers or streams, ground surface water entering your home or standing category 2 water that is not promptly removed and left standing for 48-72 hours.
To treat this type of flooding requires extremely specialized equipment and training and will often require mould remediation after dry out is completed.
ServiceMaster of Brampton, Orangeville and Toronto West are the experts when it comes to repairing damage caused in flooded basements, floorings and more.